Role of Distributed Coordination in Resilient & Fine-Grain
Control of Power Grids

Conference Chair:

Conference Co-Chairs:
Dr. Krishna Kant
Dr. Gabriela Hug

Dr. Orkun Karabasoglu
Dr. Zico Kolter
Dr. Raj Rajkumar

(Last updated Jan 27, 2014)


Note to the contributors and participants:

This is a Tentative Agenda; it is posted to give you sense of main speakers, etc. However,  as we get a few more important invited speakers, the presentation times may modify a bit.  The idea is for us to learn how to communicate together across different disciplines and methods while posing the problems and possible multi-disciplinary solutions to future resilient and secure power systems, while at the same time pushing efficiency. Not a small task! The slides should always emphasize while does it all matter, how does it help the problem we do not know how to solve today! Identify roadblocks which if we only knew how to overcome we would solve some of the real world challenges. How to narrow the gap between the theory and domain applications? Of course, this is all easier said than done, and we do not have to come up with all of the solutions. But, we should try to identify challenge problems and work toward clean formulations that we all agree would need clean solutions. Please come to CMU and enjoy the brainstorming! 

Please make sure to register and upload your paper abstract/short bio as soon as possible. We need this for planning purposes.  Also, we will need you to upload  your presentation slides by Sunday night Feb 2, at the latest, so we can post them. This way participants can look the slides over and familiarize themselves, so we can shorten the presentations and leave much more time for interactive Q&A and brainstorming.

As you make your travel arrangements, please consider coming to a Pre-Conference Workshop scheduled for Monday afternoon, February 3. The workshop is intended to share with the community in an informal way the ongoing work on the Dynamic Monitoring and Decision Systems (DYMONDS) framework for smart grids, describing publicly the available repository of data collected for two Azores Islands and findings of DYMONDs-based smart grid end-to-end modeling, control and communications design for these islands, thereby showing how one can add much wind and solar power to enable good, low-cost service on these islands. The pre-conference workshop will summarize findings in the recently published Springer book. The later part of the workshop will be a one-hour discussion of other ongoing efforts toward IT implementation frameworks of  end-to-end smart grids and open/future questions.

We very much appreciate you registering for this workshop so we can plan. See you soon. 

Marija Ilic, Conference Chair 

February 3 — Pre-conference Workshop
Pre-Conference Workshop on  Dynamic Monitoring and Decision Systems (DYMONDS) Framework for Smart Grids

Singleton Room, Roberts Engineering Hall, Carnegie Mellon University

Part I: DYMONDS-Based Modeling and Control of Smart Grids for Sustainable Services: The Case of Azores Islands

1:00-1:45 p.m. Marija Ilic et al., "Today’s and Future Operation of Power Grids: Change of Paradigm" [Reference: M. Ilic, L. Xie, Q. Liu, “Engineering IT-Enabled Sustainable Electricity Services: The Tale of Two Low-Cost Green Azores Islands”, Springer 2013.]

Part II: More Recent Research on DYMONDS Framework

II.1. Dynamic Modeling and Stabilization

1:45-2:00 p.m. Kevin Bachovchin, Marija Ilic, "Automated Modeling of Power System Dynamics for Nonlinear Control Using Flywheels during Large Disturbances."

2:00-2:15 p.m. Milos Cvetkovic, Marija Ilic, "Module-based Interactive Modeling and Control of Nonlinear Power System Dynamics; The Case of Marcy Station, NY."

2:15-2:30 p.m. Stefanos Baros, Marija Ilic, "intelligent Balancing Authorities (iBAs) for Stabilization in Large Scale Power Systems."

II.2. Insuring Feasible Power Delivery: Distributed Approaches and Incentives

2:45-3:00 p.m. Andrew Hsu, Marija Ilic, "A Distributed Method for Ensuring Feasible Power Flow."

3:00-3:15 p.m. Chin Yen Tee, Marija Ilic, "Valuing Flexible Transmission in Systems with Intermittent Resources."

3:15-3:30 p.m. Jose Prada, Marija Ilic, "Multi-utility Transmission. Operations and Investment Incentives."

3:30-3:45 p.m. Jonathan Donadee, Marija Ilic, "Electric Vehicle Charging and Ancillary Services Under Uncertainty."

3:45-4:00 p.m. Jhi-Young Joo, Marija Ilic, "Adaptive Load Management (ALM) for Congestion Management."

II.3. State-Estimation / Observers / Actuators for Smart Grids

4:00-4:15 p.m. Sergio Pequito, Soummya Kar, Nipun Popli, "Placement of Synchrophasors and Actuators for Power System Monitoring and Control."

4:15-4:30 p.m. Yang Weng, Rohit Negi, Marija Ilic, "Data-Driven State Estimation."

4:30-4:45 p.m. Marija Ilic, Qixing Liu, Xiaoqi Yin, Yang Weng, "Toward Combining Intra-Real Time Dispatch (RTD) and AGC for On-Line Power Balancing."

II.4 Computer and Communication Protocols for Implementing DYMONDS

4:45-5:00 p.m.Marija Ilic, Franz Franchetti, Jovan Ilic, Steven Ray, Jhi-Young Joo, Milos Cvetkovic, "Toward DYMONDS-based Computer Platform; Smart Grid in a Room Simulator (SGRS)."

5:00-7:00 p.m. Conference Opening Reception
(Singleton Room and Atrium, Roberts Engineering Hall, Fourth Floor)

February 4 — Day 1:
Topic:  Distributed Approaches to Control and Estimation

7:30-8:00 a.m. Breakfast

8:00-8:30 a.m. Welcome
James H. Garrett, Jr., Dean, Carnegie Institute of Technology;
Thomas Lord Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering

8:30-8:45 a.m. Opening Remarks*
Marija Ilic, Carnegie Mellon University (ECE/EPP)
*Special thanks to Professor Bruno Sinopoli, who volunteered to step in at the last minute in Professor Marija Ilic's absence, with Opening Remarks and all-day coordination efforts.

8:45-10:30 a.m. Session D1.A1
Model-Based versus Data-Driven Approach to Distributed Management of Power Grids
Session Chair: Bruno Sinopoli, Carnegie Mellon University


Keynote: John Baras, University of Maryland, “Distributed Coordination in Heterogeneous Power Grids: A Fresh Model-Based Approach.”

Kenneth A. Loparo, Case Western Reserve University , “Achieving Energy Security: Opportunities at the Intersections of Computer Science, Information Theory, and Decision and Control.”  

Eyad Abed, National Science Foundation, "Overview of NSF Program in Energy, Power and Adaptive Systems."

Rajit Gadh, University of California at Los Angeles, "Distributed Management of Power Grids via Integration of EVs, Storage and DR Programs." (Rajit Gadh and Hemanshu R. Pota)

Prashant Shenoy, University of Massachusetts (title to come)

10:30-10:45 a.m. Coffee Break

10:45-11:45 p.m. Session D1.A2
Frequency Stabilization Revisited: Pros and Cons of Distributed Frequency Control — Should we Try to Fix What is Working?
Session Chair: Steven Low, Caltech


Anuradha Annaswamy, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, "Transactive Control: A New Technology for Smart Grids."

Steven Low, Caltech, “Design and Stability of Load-Side Frequency Control.”

Na Li,  Massachusetts Institute of Technology, postdoc (Harvard faculty, to be) “Connecting AGC and Economic Dispatch from an Optimization Point of View.”

11:45-12:45 p.m. Lunch Speaker: Christos Faloutsos, Carnegie Mellon University, "Large Graph Mining - Patterns, Explanations and Cascade Analysis."

12:45-2:45 p.m. Session D1.P1  
Limits to Decentralized Control?
Session Chair:  Gabriela Hug


Rahul Mangharam, University of Pennsylvania, "Green Scheduling: Scheduling of Energy Control Systems for Peak Power Reduction."

Erik Ydstie, Carnegie Mellon University, "The Role of Entropy in Nonlinear Control of Physical Processes."

Plenary Talk #1: P. R. Kumar, Texas A&M University, "Demand Response with Stochastic Renewables and Inertial Thermal Loads."

Baosen Zhang, Stanford, “Competition and Cooperation Among Wind Farms” 

Joseph Giampapa, Carnegie Mellon University, "SCADA Resilience via Autonomous Cyber-Physical Agents."

Sudip Mazumder, University of Illinois at Chicago, "Emerging Needs for Evolving Hybrid Cyber-Physical Energy Systems."

Masoud Barati, University of Houston, "Attack-Resistant Control for Optimal Protection Coordination of Microgrid."

2:45:-3:00 p.m. Coffee Break

3:00-4:45 p.m.Session D1.P2
Distributed State Estimation
Session Chair:  
Eyad Abed, National Science Foundation


Plenary Talk #2: Marilyn Wolf, Georgia Institute of Technology, "Cyber-Physical Design Methodologies and Tools for Distributed Smart Grids."

Krishna Kant, Temple University, "Coupling Considerations in Critical Infrastructure Resilience."

Kamal Youcef-Toumi, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, "A Multi-Agent System Transient Stability Platform for Resilient Self-Healing Operation of Multiple Microgrids." (Sergio Rivera, Amro M. Farid, Kamal Youcef-Toumi

Amro Farid, Masdar Institute of Science and Technology, United Arab Emerates, "An Enterprise Control Approach for the Assessment of Variable Energy Resource Induced Power System Imbalances." (Aramazd Muzhikyan, Amro M. Farid & Kamal Youcef-Toumi)

Pulkit Grover,  Carnegie Mellon University, “Understanding ‘Information Friction’ for Minimizing Power Consumed in Data Centers and Big Data Processing.”

5:00-5:30 p.m. Open Discussion on Day 1 Subjects
Marija Ilic , Carnegie Mellon University, Coordinator

Marija Ilic, Carnegie Mellon University, “Counter-Examples to Distributed Frequency Control: High-Gain Control or Complex Fast Communications?”

6:00-7:00 p.m. Graduate Students Posters, Reception

7:00-8:30 p.m. Dinner

February 5th Day 2:
Topic:  Rethinking it All

7:30-8:00 a.m. Breakfast (Sponsored TBA)

8:00-9:00 a.m. Plenary #3: Santiago Grijalva, National Renewable Energy Laboratory/Georgia Institute of Technology, “Decentralized Control for Sustainable Grids.”

9:00-10:15 a.m. Session D2.A1
Challenges and Opportunities in Distributed in  Computing Platform Designs and Implementation
Session Chair: Krishna Kant, Temple University


Eduardo Cotilla-Sanchez, Oregon State University, “Distributed Signatures: A Policy Switching Approach to the Coordination of Protection Schemes.” 

G. Kumar Venayagamoorthy, Clemson University, "Information and Knowledge Presence Through Distributed Computing for Real-Time Power Grid Operations."

Katia Sycara, Carnegie Mellon University, "Multi-Agent Coordination for Electricity Demand Management in Consumer Cooperatives."

Yuvraj Agarwal, Carnegie Mellon University (title to come)

10:15-10:30 a.m. Coffee Break

10:30-12:30 p.m. Session D2.A2
The Challenge of Distributed Optimization for Resilient Performance
Session Chair: Peter Luh, University of Connecticut


Javad Lavaei, Columbia University, “Graph-theoretic Algorithm for Nonlinear Power Optimization Problems.”

Chuck Wells, OSI, OSIsoft; Raymond de Callafon, University of California at San Diego, “Detection and System identification Using PMU Data.”

Gabriela Hug, Carnegie Mellon University, "Distributed Optimization: How to Bridge the Gap Between Theory and Implementation?"

Sandeep Shukla, Virginia Polytechnic Institute, "Power Systems/Communication System Co-Simulation and Experimental Evaluation of Cyber Security of Power Grid."

12:30-1:30 p.m. Lunch Speaker: Eric Hsieh, Nexans; Top Goodwin, Oncor Electric Delivery Co;  Ron Stelmak, Nexans, “Clearing the Fog of Assumptions: Real Time Visibility Delivers Big Market Efficiency from Dynamic Line Ratings.”

1:30-3:15 p.m. Session D2.P1  
Distributed Resiliency: Pros and Cons
Session Chair:  Zico Kolter


Jeffrey S. Katz, IBM, “Analytics and Optimization for Smart Grid Resiliency.” (Plenary Talk #4)

Peter Luh, University of Connecticut, "A Synergistic Combination of Surrogate Lagrangian Relaxation and Branch-and-Cut for MIP Problems in Power Systems."

Zico Kolter, Carnegie Mellon University, "Computational Approaches to Distributed Controller Design."

Konstantin Turitsyn and Hung Nguyen, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, "Distributed Generation and Voltage Stability." (Konstantin Turitsyn and Hung Nguyen)

Aranya Chakrabortty, North Carolina State University, “ Wide-Area Control of Power Systems Using Arbitrated Communication Networks.”

Galina Schwartz, University of California at Berkeley, "Smart Networks: Incentives in Electricity Distribution."

3:15-3:30 p.m. Coffee Break

3:30-5:00 p.m. Session D2.P2   
Things Which Fall Between the Cracks: Resilient Stabilization, Human Factors and Incentives, Distributed Approach to Manage Complexity and Be ‘Acceptably’ Accurate
Session Chair: Santiago Grijalva, National Renewable Energy Laboratory


Ole Mengshoel, Carnegie Mellon University (Silicon Valley), "Probabilistic State Estimation: A Foundation for Distributed Energy Management?"

Deng Yi, Virginia Polytechnic Institute, "Toward Secure SCADA for Power Systems."

Marija Ilic, Carnegie Mellon University, “Carnegie Mellon University Dynamic Monitoring and Decision Systems (DYMONDS) Computer Platform for Smart Grids The Dream of Autonomous Resilient Power Grids: The Challenge of  Getting There from Here.”

Mario Berges, Carnegie Mellon University (title to come)

5:00-5:30 p.m. Next Steps and Adjourn