NIST “Smart Grid in a Room”


October 25, 2013

Professor Marija Ilic received a three-year collaborative project with the National Institute of Standards (NIST) entitled “Smart Grid In A Room: A Hybrid Test-Bed Facility For Cyber-Physical Systems (Cps)-Based Standards In Microgrids And Their Interactions With Utility Systems” at the level of funding $1.2M. She is the PI of the project, and other major Carnegie Mellon University contributors are Franz Franchetti, Soummya Kar, José M. F. Moura, Jovan Ilic, and Steve Ray.

The work will target modeling, sensing, communications, and control design principles for the evolving smart grid by viewing it as a Cyber-Physical System (CPS). The objective is to establish a one-stop research facility in which we deploy, test, and demonstrate the intelligence embedded within a future electric energy system. This will be a unique research facility that augments a laboratory-size smart grid with a model-based high-performance computing (HPC) simulator.

This hybrid set-up has the potential to realistically mimic a large electric energy system with data collected from real-world instrumentation—thus emulating, with real-world measurements and control data, the effects and the value of new technologies on the quality and cost of electricity services, sustainability, environmental impact, and potential for reducing pollution.

We will use this laboratory-level Smart Grid facility to guide the design of a Dynamic Monitoring and Decision Systems (DyMonDS)-like microgrid hardware facility at NIST. The modular interactive approach used with DyMonDS is clearly the methodology to design microgrid hardware facilities by interconnecting existing modules. Specific outcomes and deliverables will be the following general test-beds demonstrating the DyMonDS framework as the basis for CPS standards in future electric energy systems:

• CMU Smart Grid in a Room: Next Generation Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA)
• Microgrid Design Principles for Building a NIST Smart Microgrid System Test-Bed Facility
• Smart Microgrid in a Room: NIST Microgrid Connected with CMU Smart Grid in a Room Software

Notably, many other on-going experiments related to Smart Grid on the Carnegie Mellon campus could be linked with this simulator leading to the necessary model validations, data driven experiments and the like. The effect of Carnegie Mellon demand response, energy efficient methods and distributed resources, such as electric vehicles and photovoltaics, can be demonstrated using Carnegie Mellon Smart Grid in a Room Simulator. Faculty interested in collaborating should contact Marija Ilic.