CMU MEMS Laboratory Publication Abstract


in IEEE Sensors Journal, pp. 622-631, October 2003.
Fabrication, characterization, and analysis of a DRIE CMOS-MEMS gyroscope
H. Xie and G. Fedder
A gyroscope with a measured noise floor of 0.02°/s/Hz½ at 5 Hz is fabricated by post-CMOS micromachining that uses interconnect metal layers to mask the structural etch steps. The 1 X 1 mm lateral-axis angular rate sensor employs in-plane vibration and out-of-plane Coriolis acceleration detection with on-chip CMOS circuitry. The resultant device incorporates a combination of 1.8-µm-thick thin-film structures for springs with out-of-plane compliance and 60-µm-thick bulk silicon structures defined by deep reactive-ion etching for the proof mass and springs with out-of-plane stiffness. The microstructure is flat and avoids excessive curling, which exists in prior thin-film CMOS-microelectromechanical systems gyroscopes. Complete etch removal of selective silicon regions provides electrical isolation of bulk silicon to obtain individually controllable comb fingers. Direct motion coupling is observed and analyzed.
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